Existential Demographic Threat to India’s Secular Identity.

[This is an original article, written by retired Indian military officer R. K. Ohri for InterfaithStrength (submitted through Amitabh Tripathi); published now because of its timeliness in light of events highlighted on this web site. RB]


           -      Ram Kumar Ohri, IPS (Ret'd) 

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During last several decades a lot of disinformation has been propagated across the world, especially in developing countries, that any increase in population per se is an impediment to economic development. Malthusian theory was used as the medium for spreading this disinformation. Truth, however, is altogether different. Manpower or human resource is a great asset for economic development. But there is an important caveat: the population must be educated and invested with professional skills. The real roadblocks to economic development are illiteracy and lack of skill. Youthful population, if it is educated and skilled, is the biggest harbinger of enhanced productivity and higher Gross Domestic Product.


            It will surprise the Indian middle class that the latest threat to the humankind does not emanate from over population; it comes from too few new arrivals, a phenomenon which will soon lead to depopulation of many countries. After invention of contraceptives, all over world, except Muslim countries, fertility levels have sharply declined by more than half since 1972 - from 6 children per woman in 1972 to 2.9 in 1990s. According to the United Nations Population Report 2002, Europe's fertility rates are now far below the replacement level of 2.1. Population of Russia is decreasing by 7000,000 every year and President Vladimir Putin considers it a 'national crisis'. The population of Germany could go down by one-fifth in the next 40 years, Bulgaria's by 38 percent and Romania's by 27 percent.  Muslim countries, however, are striking exceptions to the global trend of declining population. In Europe Albania and Kosovo are growing fast, and so are Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Syria, Pakistan and Afghanistan in Asia.


            Unfortunately a majority of middle class Hindu, Sikh and Christian elite and opinion-makers do not understand the weird phenomenon of demographic decimation which destroyed the secular and multicultural ethos of Lebanon, Kosovo, Bosnia, etc., solely due to fast growth of Muslim population which outpaced the Christian numbers. Finally these countries/territories were overwhelmed by Muslim majorities. A similar demographic change now threatens the pluralistic ethos of Macedonia and France. In Macedonia the Muslims were only 8 percent in 1900 A D, but now form nearly one-third of the country's total population. In France between 1970 and 1990 the Christian population declined by 2 millions, from 425,58,000 to 406,27,000, while Muslims multiplied 3 times, rising from 1,353,000 to 3,850,000 in the same period. The spate of car-burning and violence by Muslim youth witnessed in France in October-November 2005 was rooted in the fast changing demography of France.


Due to monumental demographic changes in several States of India, the Hindu identity of India faces a huge challenge. It is time to learn some lessons from the tragic fate of Christians of the Balkans and the three weeks long rioting in France in October-November, 2005, which resulted in burning of 30,000 cars and damage to 200 public buildings, including many nursery schools. It led to more than 3,200 arrests. For controlling the spiraling violence large scale arrests had to be made and nearly 400 rioters were sentenced to prison terms and many stripped of their nationality.The damages caused to property were estimated by the underwriters to be between 80 million and 150 million Franks.       


To understand the long term implications of fast-paced demographic changes for Indic civilisation, it is necessary to consider the following facts gleaned from the data of last six censuses held in India since 1951:


  1. Since independence in percentage terms there has been a relentless increase in the

population of only one community, namely the Muslims, to the exclusion of every other religious group. The percentage growth of all other communities, e.g., Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists, Jains and Christians has been in a declining mode. On top of it, since 1981 the Muslim population growth has gathered speed and is now in a massive fast forward mode.  Even the Sachar Committee Report has admitted, perhaps by default, that by the year 2101, the Muslim population of India is likely to be between 32 to 34 crores Rupees. 


  1. Census 2001 disclosed that the decadal growth rate of Muslims was around 36 percent, while the Hindu growth rate had declined from 23 percent to 20 percent during the decade. An unseemly political controversy was raised on the ground that since no census had taken place in J. & K. state in 1991, the conclusions drawn in terms of census 2001 data were faulty. It led to a clumsy fudging of census 2001, by omitting from the census 2001 headcount, 3.67 core people living in Jammu & Kashmir and Assam, the 2 states having high Muslim population. It may be recalled that no census could be held in Assam, too, in 1981 due to disturbed conditions, but that did not result in any political ruckus, nor fudging of  facts. The most extraordinary aspect of this exercise (undertaken in the year 2004) was the deletion with retrospective effect of the population data of these 2 sensitive States from every census held since 1961- something never done in any democratic country.


  1. It was highlighted in a lucid article by two well known professional demographers, late P. N. Mari Bhat and A. J. Francis Zavier, that "the fertility of Muslims, which was about 10 per cent higher than that of  Hindus before independence, is now 25 to 30 per cent higher than the Hindu rate". [Source: Role of Religion in Fertility Decline: The Case of Indian Muslims, Economic & Political Weekly January 29, 2005]. It means that the Muslim population is now growing at a rate nearly 45-50 percent higher than the Hindus.


  1. Late Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier pointed out that the assertion made in a section of English media that census 2001 revealed a higher reduction in the growth rate of Muslims than Hindus was incorrect. The decline in Hindu growth rate was 12.2 percent compared with a 10.3 percent decline in Muslim growth, they reiterated.



  1. There is no truth in the assertion that higher Muslim fertility was due to their

poverty or illiteracy. Since 36 percent Muslims live in urban areas, as against

only 26 percent Hindus, and Muslims have a higher life expectancy at birth than Hindus (by 1.2 years according to 2 NFHS Surveys as analysed by Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier),logically their fertility should  have been lower than Hindus. But the fact remains that the fertility of Muslim continues to be higher despite their greater urbanization.     


  1. The acceptance of family planning by Muslims is lower by at least 25 percent than Hindus and other communities. The real reason is 'religion'. The two professional demographers described the community's higher fertility as "Muslim effect", a somewhat colourful, but truthful, expression. [Source: p.397 of Eco. & Pol. Weekly of January 29, 2005].


  1. Interestingly late Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier have highlighted the fact that in non-Muslim countries there is a general trend towards higher growth rate of Muslim   populations.


     8.   According to NFHS Survey-2 (National Family Health Survey-2 of 1998-99)

           in Kerala where the literacy level of 2 communities is almost equal (and due to

           large Gulf remittances economically Muslims are better off than the Hindus) the

           growth rate of Muslims is much higher than Hindus by a whopping 45 percent.

           No wonder in August 2006 Archbishop Verky of Syro-Malabar Church thought it

           fit to warn his co-religionists that in another 20 years Kerala was likely to become

           an Islamic state.  He exhorted the Christian couples to have more children.


9. The National Family Health Survey-2 (1998) had revealed that on an average every

          Muslim woman was giving birth to 1.1 more children than her Hindu counterpart. 


It may be clarified that late Mari Bhat and Francis Zavier are not, repeat not, the so-called 'right wing' Hindu fundamentalists, as is evident from their occasionally chiding the Hindu "right" at one or two places in their research study. At least one of them is a Christian -   even both could be.   


            It is time that Indians understood the mindboggling import of the highly revealing Statement 7 of Census 2001 Religion Data Report (page xlii) which gives the religion-wise breakup of children in the 0-6 years of age group. It shows that the percentage of Muslim cohorts (a term commonly used in demographic parlance) is 21 percent higher than Hindu cohorts. Although according to census 2001 Muslims constitute only 13.4 percent of India’s population, their population share in the crucial 0-6 years age group was 21 percent higher than the Hindus, giving Muslims a head start advantage of 7.6 percent over Hindus, when these cohorts enter reproductive age, say roughly between 2011 and 2016. This single page of Census 2001 Report gives a total clue to the demographic crisis likely to engulf India, say anytime after 2011, or at


the latest by 2021. These 0-6 yrs old cohorts (enumerated in 2001) will become reproductively active between 2011 and 2016 and then continue to reproduce for the next 30-40 years. With a 21 percent higher cohort population and at least 25-30 percent less acceptance of family planning, the growth in Muslim population during the next 4 decades is likely to become even faster paced. It is simple arithmetic; even a high school student can understand it and do it. 


In percentage terms, the biggest quantum jump in Muslim population in the coming decades will take place in Haryana where the ratio of Muslim cohorts is almost

60 percent higher than the Hindu cohorts!   Next in descending order will be Assam, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Delhi, Nagaland, Bihar and so on. 


A further analysis of the 0-6 year old cohorts data reveals that out of 35 States and Union Territories listed in Statement 7, the percentage of Muslim 0-6 year old cohorts is higher than Hindus in as many as 31 States and Union Territories. The percentage of 0-6 year old cohorts is marginally higher than Muslim cohorts only in two States of Sikkim and Madhya Pradesh and two U.Ts of Daman & Diu and Andaman & Nicobar Islands. It means that in the coming decades the Muslim population will grow at a rate higher than that of Hindus in 31 States and Union Territories out of  35 States and U.Ts. of India. It will lead to far reaching changes in the demographic profile of various States in the coming decades.


Statement 7 of Census 2001 Religion Data Report is self explanatory and vividly depicts the looming dark shadow of the future demographic changes which will impact the geopolitical fabric of India. I must reiterate that future demographic trends, based on the data given in Statement 7, are totally unalterable, because these children are already born and will enter reproductive age between 2011 and 2016 and continue to reproduce for the next 30 to 40 years. No one, except God Almighty, can add to, or subtract from, these numbers and the consequential demographic disaster facing Hindu identity of India.


            It is surprising why the Indian intelligentsia do not understand the reasons which prompted the former Prime Minister of the U.K., Tony Blair, to discreetly advise all British couples to opt for the 5 children norm, why in recent years most European countries have announced liberal cash bonuses to couples opting to have more children, why Peter Costello, Australia's Chancellor of the Exchequer, gave a clarion call in 2004 to his countrymen that every couple must have at least 3 children, preferably many more, stipulating "one child for father, one for the mother and one for the country". Apprehensive of the population growth of jihad-infested Indonesia, he announced an incentive of 2,000 Australian dollars for every child born after June 2004. [Source: Hindustan Times, May 13, 2004, p.1]. Prima facie many keen observers of global population trends like Niall Ferguson, Bernard Lewis, Robert Costello, Bruce Bawer and Mark Steyn (a Canadian strategic analyst), are now alerting their countrymen about the threat posed by the high velocity of  Muslim population growth across the world.  Incidentally in the U.K. and Australia no one laughs at or ridicules Tony Blair, Niall Ferguson or Peter Costello. As a nation the British and the Australians appear to be much


more rational and sagacious than us, the dumb Indians.  No wonder, Europe has already been nicknamed as ‘Eurabia’ and London is being called ‘Londonistan’


            Some doubting Thomases might ask why this global panic, what is the problem, where is the problem?  The answer is that in the year 1900 the Muslims constituted only 12 percent of the world population; they grew to 18 percent in 1992-93 (when Huntington published his first thesis on the clash of civilizations); by 2003 the Muslims became 20 percent of the global population. Presently Muslims constitute more than 24 percent of world population. And by 2025, barely 15 years away from now, they will constitute 30 percent of the world population. [Source: Spangler, The Decline of the West, cited by Samuel Huntington]. According to some demographic estimates, Muslims might constitute anything between 37 to 40 percent of the world population by 2100 AD. Corresponding with the worldwide growth in Muslim numbers and percentage, in recent years the incidents of jihads worldwide have also multiplied in tandem with the demographic changes, our next door neighbour Thailand being the latest entrant to the growing list of fault line conflict zones. As per latest data in three Muslim majority States of Patani, Yala and Narathiwat in Thailand more than 4000 jihadi attacks took place during last five years and more than 50 Buddhist monks were beheaded.


Niall Ferguson (a strategic analyst who teaches contemporary history at Harvard) wrote in The Sunday Times, London, in April 2004, that in 50 years time Europe was likely to become a Muslim dominated continent. And his warning promptly alerted most countries of the continent. Some enterprising futurologists have re-named Europe 'EURABIA'.  According to a write up in The Economist, London, in October 2004, acutely fearful of the growing Albanian clout in the Balkans, many well-to-do Macedonians are migrating out and their destination of choice is New Zealand. Apparently they no longer consider Europe safe for their children and grand children.  Niall Ferguson has drawn further attention to the fact that due to low fertility rates and increasing life expectancy by 2050 one in every three Italians, Spaniards and Greeks is likely to be 65 years or older. So the 'old Europe' will become much older. He pointed out that the birth rates of Muslim societies (i.e., including those Muslims who live in non-Muslim countries) are more than double the European average. No wonder, in recent years the well known Dutch M.P., Geert Wilders, has been touring the USA and Europe to alert the people about the likely demise of the Christian identity of Europe.


And what happened in Europe appears to be coming true even in India where the Hindu birth rate is fast approaching the European average. According to census 2001 the decadal TFR, or birth rate, of Hindus of Kolkata district (West Bengal) was barely one child per woman who was much lower than the birth rates of Germany, Italy and Spain. In the southern state of Kerala too the Hindu TFR at 1.64 is far lower than the replacement level of 2.1.  Citing the example of Yemen, Niall Ferguson has pointed out that other things remaining the same, by 2050 Yemen’s population could exceed that of Russia (based on United Nations forecast and assuming the current fertility rate).  In the far away Norway the Muslim population quantum jumped 75 times within 23 years (from



1980 to 2003), rising from 1000 in 1980 to 75,000 plus in 2003!   The plight of Christian

Europe was dolefully reflected in an article written by Mark Steyn, 'It is the Demography, Stupid', which reads like Dirge of the Dying Europe.


            It is time for the Indian middle class and opinion makers to wake up and understand the long term climactic consequences of the existential demographic crisis writ large across the Indian horizon. In a different context, while analysing socio-economic aspects of the latest census, the well known demographer, Prof. Ashish Bose, has estimated that presently in 49 districts Muslims already constitute more than 30 percent of population. [Source: Economic and Political Weekly, Mumbai, January 29, 2005, p.371 (table 4)].   A back-of-the envelope calculation made in the light of the

Muslim growth rate of the last two decades shows that Muslims will attain majority status in all these 49 districts, any time between 2091 and 2111, perhaps even earlier. Just now Muslims are in majority in 12 districts to which another 37 may be added by the end of the century, may be even earlier. What might happen thereafter is anybody's guess. In the light of Kashmir experience, the demographic change has the potential to give a massive fillip to the jihadi fervor in the sub-continent. According to the Centre for Policy Studies, any time around the year 2061 the total Muslim population of the sub-continent (India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, all counted together) will exceed the total Hindu population. The denouement could come even earlier, say around 2047, when Generation Next of Indians is due to celebrate one hundred years of freedom. There is a strong possibility that before 2047, may be even much earlier, large scale communal clashes might break out which could take the shape of a civil strife -  even a Lebanon like civil war.   


Interestingly even The Sachar Committee has unwittingly admitted that by 2101 the Muslim population of India was likely to range between 32 to 34 crores Rupees. According to Census 2001 the population of Muslims was 13.4 crores Rupees in that year, while in 1951 it was only 3.77 crores Rupees.    


The foregoing cold facts should ring a loud alarm bell to wake up all those who want to ensure long term survival of secularism in India. Demography is the key to every democracy because elections are won and lost in terms of the numbers game called adult

suffrage.  India will remain a secular and democratic nation only so long as it remains a Hindu majority country. That is the bottom line. 


The problem has global dimensions, too. It is unfortunate that while the world has woken up to the threat of high velocity demographic changes, we Indians, especially the Hindu leaders have remained comatose.


A detailed analysis of the percentage of 0-6 years old cohorts of Hindus and Muslims, along with explanatory comments, given below, highlights the long term dimensions of the fast approaching demographic crisis which could usher a post Hindu era in several parts of  India.            





India/States      All religious  Hindus  Muslims  Christians  Sikhs  Buddhists  Jains Others    

U/Territories    communities                                                                        

         1                           2             3            4                5            6             7          8           9                                                                                               


All India                      15.9      15.6       18.7             13.5      12.8       14.4       10.6    18.0  


Jammu & Kashmir      14.6       13.3       15.4             11.6      10.6       11.7      10.9    15.5 

Himachal Pradesh       13.0       13.3       16.2             12.8      12.1       10.6       10.5    13.2

Punjab                         13.0       13.2       16.3             16.1      12.8       13.4      10.2    13.5  

Chandigarh                 12.8       13.4      17.1             12.1         9.1        7.7       10.0      9.7

Uttaranchal                 16.0       15.4       21.2             11.7       14.8        9.1         9.8    14.7  

Haryana                       15.8       15.4       24.5             12.4       13.0      16.2       11.3    11.7  

Delhi                           14.6      14.3      18.5              11.4       10.8      13.5       11.3    10.1  

Rajasthan                    18.8       18.8      21.0              14.6       15.1      18.2      10.7    15.9

Uttar Pradesh              19.0       18.6      20.9              14.6       14.1      19.9      11.9    17.0   

Bihar                           20.2       19.9      22.0              14.8       14.2      19.4      11.0    20.3    

Sikkim                         14.5       14.6      13.2              14.6         2.0      14.4      11.5    15.0   

Arunachal Pradesh      18.8       17.1      18.8              20.5         7.6      19.8      15.7    19.1

Nagaland                     14.6       12.7      19.2              14.6         8.3       11.9     11.7    12.8  

Manipur                       14.2       13.2      19.8              14.0         8.5       18.4     10.1     14.8  

Mizoram                      16.2         9.2      10.1              16.1         9.8        20.5     16.8    15.8  

Tripura                         13.6       13.0      18.6              15.7         4.5        17.9     11.9    12.1

Meghalaya                   20.2       14.2      21.2             21.1        12.3       14.4     13.5    21.5

Assam                                     16.9       14.5      21.8              17.6          9.9       14.3     10.5    15.5  

West Bengal                14.2      12.7       18.7           13.4          10.1        10.6      9.6      15.4

Jharkhand                    18.4      17.9       21.2           16.2          11.1        16.8    11.1     19.0   

Orissa                          14.6      14.4       16.5           17.8          10.8        13.3    10.8     17.8   

Chhatisgarh                 17.1      17.2       15.5           15.3          12.3        13.4    11.7     19.0 

Madhya Pradesh         17.9      18.0       17.9           13.3          12.9        14.5     11.3    18.1

Gujarat                        14.9      14.9       15.8           12.8          12.7        17.3      9.2     12.7 

Daman & Diu              13.0     13.2       12.3             9.8          11.0        13.5     10.8      8.7 

Dadra & Nagar

Haveli                          18.2      18.3       16.1            19.3         11.4        18.6     13.8    13.3 

Maharashtra                14.1      14.0       16.2            10.3         11.6        14.1     10.1    13.1

Andhra Pradesh          13.3      13.2       14.9           12.3         12.4         16.2    11.3    13.8 

Karnataka                    13.6     13.3       16.1           11.1         11.9         15.3    12.0    13.8

Goa                             10.8      10.9       15.2              9.6        10.0         12.0    11.5    11.9  

Lakshadweep              15.0        3.6       15.5              3.1           -              -           -          -    

Kerala                          11.9       10.8      15.0             11.2         10.0        12.7      9.7    15.9 





Tamil Nadu                 11.6       11.5      12.9             11.2         10.4       12.0     10.8    11.1 

 Pondicherry                12.0       12.0      13.1           11.0            8.3         5.5     11.6    12.6   

Andaman & Nicobar

Islands                         12.6       12.7      11.3            12.7           12.4        5.9      13.0   15.1 



Notes:  1. Population figures for India and Manipur exclude those of Mao Maram,

                Paomata and Purul sub-divisions of Senapati district of Manipur.        


            2.  The column All religious communities includes 'Religion not stated' 


The above data of cohorts in the 0-6 year age group reveal the following alarming facts


i)                    Although presently Muslims constitute only 13.4 percent of India's population, their percentage in 0-6 year children was as high as 21 percent in 2001 - i.e., 10 years ago. It gives a head start advantage of 7.6 percent to Muslims in the matter of reproduction; say after the year 2011 and beyond, when these cohorts attain the age of 17 years or more. 


ii)         It is well known that on an average the acceptance of family planning among

            Muslims is at least 25 percent lower than the Hindus. That means from 2011

            onwards for the next 30-40 years the population growth rate of Muslims will

            be much faster than what has been witnessed during the last 2-3 decades.


iii)                Out of 35 States and Union Territories, the percentage of Muslim cohorts is higher than the Hindu cohorts in as many as 31 States /UTs. In all these States Muslim population will grow much faster. Only in 2 States of Madhya Pradesh and Sikkim and two Union Territories of Andaman & Nicobar Islands

and Daman & Diu the percentage of Hindu cohorts in 0-6 yrs. age group is marginally higher than that of Muslims. 


iv)                The biggest quantum jump in Muslim growth percentage will be in Haryana where the Muslim 0-6 yrs age cohorts are higher by 60 percent than the Hindus! Next to follow suit will be Assam, W. Bengal, Uttaranchal, Chandigarh, Delhi, Kerala, Nagaland, etc. 


v)                  The story of the future climactic demographic changes likely to overwhelm the secular identity of India is written on this single page of Census 2001 Religion Data Report. No one, except God Almighty, can subtract from or add to these 0-6 yrs cohorts who are already born and are being brought up. They will enter reproductive age during the years 2011- 2017 and then remain active for the next 30-40 years. Every economist knows that the long term statistical trends are not easily reversed unless there are some radical changes




in the basic determinants of such long term trends. As a general rule, it requires two generations of ‘Baby Boomers' (i.e., a span of 50 years) to counter and reverse the skewed affect of adverse demographics facing a country, or a civilization. The Christians of Lebanon and the Balkans discovered it too late.  Now the Christian Europe is facing demographic death!


The foregoing analysis reveals that very much like the Christians of Europe, the Hindus of India have already become a ‘demographically challenged’ community. As a consequence, in the coming decades the percentage of youthful component of Hindu society will continue to decline year after year, while the proportion of old people (mostly pensioners, and inactive non-earning men and women will continue to rise. But among the Muslims the youthful component will remain higher than the Hindus for many years, as is evident from 0-6 year cohort data of census 2001. As a rule, the youth are more aggressive, more demanding and more violence-prone. That could be a dangerous prospect for the fast ageing non-Muslim society of India, comprising Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists and Christians. The pitfalls facing the ageing societies have been vividly highlighted by Samuel Huntington in his famous tome on the clash of civilizations. The European civilisation is seriously threatened because it is rapidly ageing and becoming functionally effete – incapable of facing the challenge of growing jihadi militancy.   The same fate could shortly visit the Indic civilisation, unless the Hindu leadership and masses wake up to the looming threat of a post Hindu India.


In Mishkat-ul-Masabah (Book xiii) Prophet Muhammad had exhorted his followers to “marry women who will love their husbands and be very prolific, for I wish you to be more numerous than any other people”. [Source: Dictionary of Islam].  In furtherance of this agenda the Muslim leadership had apparently decided as early as 1970s to conquer the world by increasing their population. In her well researched book, The Force of Reason, late Oriana Fallaci, has highlighted the fact that during her interview with the Palestinian leader, George Habash, in 1970s the latter had openly said that the Palestinian problem was more than a clash with Israel. The Arab goal, George Habash, proclaimed was to wage war against ‘Europe and America’ and also Israel. Without mincing words, he outlined the Islamic agenda to conquer the world by increasing the Muslim population when he said that the Arabs would “advance step by step. Millimeter by millimeter. Year after year. Decade after decade. Determined, stubborn and patient. This is our strategy. A strategy that we shall expand throughout planet.” Clearly the intention was to wage a demographic war, a religious war by stealing a country from its citizens. [Source: Oriana Fallaci, The Force of Reason, p.132].


The same strategy was reiterated once again in the year 1974 when the Algerian President






President Boumedienne, during his address to the U.N. General Assembly in his notoriously famous words thus:    


            “One day millions of men will leave the southern hemisphere of this planet to

  burst upon the northern one. But not as friends. Because they will burst in

  to conquer and they will conquer by populating it with their children.

  Victory will come to us from the wombs of our women”.    


Unfortunately the world slept and took no notice of the warnings given by the Islamists. Leave aside the secularitis-benumbed Indian leadership; even Europe took no notice of the boldly stated intentions of Muslim leaders to stage a global demographic coup through the wombs of their women.


 The foregoing quotes clearly show that all along the Islamists have been working on a strategic agenda to overrun the world by multiplying their numbers. The demographically challenged Christian Europe and Hindu civilisation of India are their major targets. Today the most important security threat facing the Indic civilization and secular identity of India comes from the fast paced growth in Muslim population. Islamists are working overtime to establish a ‘seamless caliphate’ from Indonesia to the Balkans by subjugating India and thereafter to confront and conquer Europe.  The ongoing demographic coup and jihad are two most important weapons being used in the holy war of Islam, currently being waged against the so-called infidels. .





P. S.    The intention of this research paper is not to ruffle the sensitive feathers of our

            friends, the self-styled secular intellectuals and middle class chatterati, but to

            present the truth based on a clinical analysis of Census 2001 and contemporary

           writings on the subject of demographic changes across the globe.  Any flaws, if

           pointed out, will be earnestly responded to.     



Copyright @ Ram Kumar Ohri